Date: 01.03.2010 Time: 22.00

The good News is that weather has been sunny and it is fine day. Spring is arriving

Date: 02.03.2010 Time: 22.00

Today is also sunny.

Chile extends curfew to quell looting after earthquake

A curfew in Chile's second city, Concepcion, has been extended until midday (1500 GMT) as troops struggle to contain looting after the earthquake. Dozens of people were arrested after looters fought over goods and set fire to a department store. The authorities have announced they are setting up an air bridge to deliver aid from the capital, Santiago, to Concepcion. Saturday morning's 8.8-magnitude quake killed at least 723 people. The deteriorating security situation in Concepcion comes despite the influx of thousands of troops to reinforce local police. Many of the city's 500,000 inhabitants are short of food and have seen their water and electricity supplies cut off. Some residents quoted by Reuters news agency said they were organising groups to defend their property. President Michelle Bachelet, condemning "pillage and criminality", has sent 7,000 soldiers to the region. "I want to call to the people's conscience. We must all work together," she said. Meanwhile, rescuers searching the rubble of a collapsed apartment building in the city in which dozens are feared trapped say they have heard signs of life and are attempting to reach survivors.

Coastal destruction

Reports are beginning to emerge of the scale of the devastation in other areas. A team of reporters that; reached the town of Curico between Santiago and Concepcion, found widespread destruction.  However, food and water was being distributed and the situation was comparatively calm, our reporters said. Some coastal towns and villages were hit by giant waves after the earthquake. In the fishing village of Constitution, the mayor said the seafront and centre had been "completely destroyed". The government admits that its attempts to provide aid swiftly have been hampered by damaged roads and power cuts. The air bridge between Santiago and Concepcion will help the authorities send more than 300 tonnes of aid, including 120 tonnes of food, to the worst affected area of the country.

US help

International aid has begun arriving. Neighbouring Argentina is flying a field hospital over the Andes to Chile and has pledged half a million litres of much-needed drinking water. Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva flew to Santiago and offered his nation's support, while US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is due in Chile to see what Washington can do to help the country recover.

Date: 03.03.2010 Time: 22.00


The excuses

The pressures of home and family life can also mean it feels as if there's little time left to fit in exercise. It's certainly tough to get started. So, it's worth thinking about what you gain from regular exercise and making even a partial improvement to your fitness.

  • Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease - in other words, if you don't exercise you dramatically increase your risk of dying from a heart attack

  • Conversely, exercise means a healthier heart because it reduces several cardiovascular risks, including high blood pressure

  • Being physically active can bolster good mental health and help you to manage stress, anxiety and even depression

  • Regular exercise can help you achieve and maintain an ideal weight, which can be important in managing many health conditions, or may just make you feel happier about your appearance

  • All exercise helps strengthen bones and muscles to some degree, but weight-bearing exercise, such as running, is especially good in promoting bone density and protecting against osteoporosis, which affects men as well as women

  • Different exercises help with all sorts of health niggles, such as digestion, poor posture and sleeplessness, and physical activity can be beneficial for a range of medical conditions, from diabetes to lower back pain

Don't be a statistic

There are lots of positive reasons for getting fitter, including meeting new people, discovering new interests and generally feeling better, but if you need to be scared into doing more exercise, consider the following:

  • On current trends a third of men will be obese by 2010, according to a 2006 Department of Health report

  • Between 2003 and 2006, obesity in adults rose by nearly 40 per cent

  • The picture is just as worrying for youngsters - by 2010, it's predicted 22 per cent of girls and 19 per cent of boys between the ages of two and 15 will be obese, with girls under 11 at particular risk

  • Obesity is responsible for 9,000 premature deaths a year in this country, and is a major contributory factor to heart disease

  • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is still the leading cause of death in the UK, accounting for about a fifth of all deaths, according to the Office for National Statistics

  • About a third of deaths caused by CHD are among people aged under 75

Keep mobile

Almost half of adults in the UK will be aged over 50 by 2020. We tend to assume the benefits and pleasures of sport, exercise and fitness are only for younger people, but think again. The rewards of improved fitness later in life can be great – both for your health and social life.

Statistics show activity levels decline steadily with age, and by their mid-50s few people take regular exercise. But regular activity is especially important as you age because it has beneficial effects on conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and helps you maintain mobility and mental well-being and, consequently, your independence. There's no reason you should give up the sport you love just because you're getting older. There are plenty of exceptions to the statistical trend of decreased activity as we get older – at clubs up and down the country, for example, there are runners in their 50s, 60s and beyond whose fitness puts people 20 or 30 years their junior to shame.

And even if you weren't especially active or sporty at a younger age, it's never too late to start. Male or female, single or with a partner, there's lots you can do, and enjoy.

Some of the health benefits you'll get are the same as younger people, but there are things that are of particular benefit as you get older:

  • More energy - exercise makes you feel more energetic, while sitting around not doing much makes you feel sluggish and unable to do anything
  • Improved sleep - your body and mind feel as though they've done something and are ready for rest at night

  • Stable weight - regular exercise helps to keep you at a healthy weight

  • Improved circulation and lower blood pressure

  • Delayed ageing - keeping active strengthens your muscles, joints and bones as well as helping with mobility and balance, important as it helps to prevent falls, which are the leading cause of injury and death for the over-75s

    On top of the health benefits, exercise can be an excellent way to meet new people, whether it's at a gym, a rambling or running club, or just people you meet while walking the dog.

    Date: 04.03.2010 Time: 22.00

     BIRTHDAY OF PROPHET OF ISLAM (PBUH) (27.2.2010 to 04.03.2010)

             

    He was a kind, humble, Praiseworthy, the man who smiled all the time and respected all the children, his name:

    Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullāhr Muhammed) (ca. 570/571 Mecca – June 8, 632) is the founder of the religion of Islam and is regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God is the greatest. He is Islamic prophets and by most Muslims the last prophet as taught by the Qur'an 33:40–40. Muslims thus consider him the restorer of an uncorrupted original monotheistic faith of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets. He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general, and, according to Muslim belief, an agent of divine action.

    Born in 570 in the Arabian city of Mecca, he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25. Discontented with life in Mecca, he retreated to a cave in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection. According to Islamic beliefs it was here, at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, where he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him is the only way acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as other Islamic prophets.Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was met with hostility from some Meccan tribes; he and his followers were treated harshly. To escape persecution first Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia before he and his remaining followers in Mecca migrated to Medina (then known as Yathrib) in the year 622. This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, which is also known as the Hijri Calendar. In Medina, Muhammad united the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to ten thousand, conquered Mecca. In 632, a few months after returning to Medina from his Farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and died. By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam; and he united the tribes of Arabia into a single Muslim religious polity. The revelations (or Ayat, lit. "Signs of God")—which Muhammad reported receiving until his death—form the verses of the Qur'an, regarded by Muslims as the “Word of God” and around which the religion is based. Besides the Qur'an, Muhammad’s life (sira) and traditions (sunnah) are also upheld by Muslims. They discuss Muhammad and other prophets of Islam with reverence, adding the phrase peace be upon him whenever their names are mentioned. While conceptions of Muhammad in medieval Christendom and premodern times were largely negative, appraisals in modern history have been far less so. Besides this, his life and deeds have been debated by followers and opponents over the century.


    Date: 05.03.2010 Time: 22.00


    Woman do you want to die? Smoking kills 

    Smoking is the single largest cause of preventable cancer deaths in the UK. Each year it causes around 32,000 deaths from lung cancer and thousands from other cancers - it's thought to be a factor in one in four cancer deaths. The more you smoke, the greater your risk. However, just one or two cigarettes a day are more than enough to cause lung cancer. Chronic lung disease is also common among older smokers, destroying busy and active lives.Smoking also increases your risk of heart disease. And if you smoke and take the contraceptive pill, your risk of heart disease is 30 times that of a non-smoker. Smoking affects your skin too. It ages more quickly in smokers, with the early appearance of wrinkles and thinning of the skin.

    Benefits of quitting

    The good news is, many of the benefits of quitting smoking are immediate. Food will taste better and your breathing will become easier. Even if you've smoked for 30 years, your risk of heart disease will halve within a year of stopping. There are financial benefits of quitting too. Assuming a packet of 20 cigarettes costs £5.30 and you smoke a packet a day, a year's supply of cigarettes will cost around £1,930. A lifetime of smoking (say 40 years, if you're lucky enough to live that long) means sending more than £77,000 up in smoke.

    How to quit

  • Make a plan. Decide your quit date, detail how you'll react to temptations, even make a list of the pros and cons of smoking to keep on track.
  • Get motivated. Imagine the Mediterranean beach you could be basking on with all the money saved from kicking the habit, or set your own goal or treat.

  • Get support from your GP and, most important, from your family and friends.

  • Join a proper stop-smoking programme. These have the highest quit rates. If you're able to take advantage of psychological support, counselling or nicotine replacement therapies (such as gums and patches) you'll have about a one in three chance of stopping for at least a year.

    Date: 06.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    Iraq parliamentary election, foreign interference but, there are free press, free TV, and People freely take part and practice democracy.

     The border with Iran was closed, thousands of troops were deployed, and vehicles were banned from roads. PM Nouri  Maliki called on voters to turn out in large numbers, saying that participation would boost democracy. The election is taking place against a backdrop of much-reduced violence, with casualty figures among civilians, Iraqi forces and US troops significantly lower than in recent years. But hundreds of people are still being killed each month, corruption is high and the provision of basic services such as electricity is still sporadic.  In one attack, 12 people were killed and eight injured when an explosion destroyed a residential building in northern Baghdad, officials said, shortly after another blast in the city killed five others. Seven died in other attacks across the country, but no polling stations are reported to have been hit. Sporadic mortar fire could be heard across the capital after polls opened at 0400 GMT, two bomb blasts were reported near a polling station in Fallujah, and there were also reports of mortar rounds being fired in Salahuddin province. Islamic militants had pledged to disrupt the voting process with attacks - a group affiliated to al-Qaeda distributed leaflets in Baghdad warning people not to go to the polls. A vast operation, involving more than half-a-million members of Iraq's combined security forces, has been put in place to try to prevent attackers from disrupting the election. Most of the mortars were fired from Baghdad's predominantly Sunni districts, said the city's security spokesman, Maj Gen Qassim al-Moussawi. "We are in a state of combat," he said. "We are operating in a battlefield and our warriors are expecting the worst." But despite the hail of attacks, he said a car ban aimed at stopping car bombs had been lifted after four hours of voting, Reuters reported. Curbs on buses and lorries remained in force.

    'Important choice'

    Some 19 million Iraqis are eligible to elect 325 members of parliament, and polls will close at 1400 GMT unless voting hours are extended.  Mr Maliki told the reporters that the violence should not deter voters from turning out. "What happened will push voters to take part in the election," he said. "Most of those attacks are designed to psychologically terrorise the voters and prevent them from going to the polls. "But it is well-known that Iraqis when they are challenged by terror, challenge it back." In some neighbourhoods, mosque loudspeakers are exhorting people to go out and vote, and voters seem to be heeding the calls. In Azamiyah (northern Baghdad), Walid Abid, 40, cast his vote to the crumple of mortars exploding not far away. "I am not scared and I am not going to stay put at home," said the father-of-two. "Until when? We need to change things. If I stay home and not come to vote, Azamiyah will get worse," AP quoted him as saying. The previous election, in 2005, saw Mr Maliki become prime minister with Shia Muslim parties dominating the legislature. President Jalal Talabani, seeking another term, was among the first to vote on Sunday in the Kurdish city of Sulamaniyah, and said the election marked both a step, and a test, on Iraq's march to democracy.  In a rare public appearance, radical Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, speaking in neighbouring Iran, urged Iraqis to vote and to reject violence.  Iraq's last elections were in February 2009, when voters chose local representatives.

    Expats crucial?

    Sunday's elections are being seen as a crucial test for Iraq's national reconciliation process ahead of a planned US military withdrawal in stages. US President Barack Obama plans to withdraw combat forces by the middle of this year and all US troops are expected to be out of Iraq by the end of 2011.

    Date: 07.03.2010 Time: 22.00


    Why are we grinding our teeth so much?Some dentists are reporting that we are grinding our teeth more, as stress and even fears over the recession grip us. What's wrong with us?  Dentists often call it bruxism. To the layman it is "teeth grinding", although it may only be clenching rather than grinding.  A lot of it happens at night, but there can be clenching during the day. Some people may suffer headaches as a result, or shooting pains in their jaw. But many may not realise they are doing it until the dentist spots it. Dentists look for particular patterns of wear, which can involve flaking of the enamel, although in more serious cases the "cusps" at the corners of molars may snap off, or they may be a total fracture of a tooth. Often, irate sleeping partners are the first to discover the activity. It is not a pleasant thing to be woken by. "It is the most horrendous noise," says dentist Andre Hedger, who has a practice near Gatwick airport, and saw a 20% rise in cases in 2008 and 2009. "It is like a concrete mixer running down a blackboard."  A full explanation for why we grind our teeth is yet to be established, but it is believed that stress and anxiety are at least exacerbating factors.  "Often the reason they are doing the grinding or clenching is stress, the recession", says Dr Hedger. "We have never seen so many stressed patients. They all say things have changed in the workplace - they are working longer hours."

    A paucity of studies means it is not easy to establish the numbers of sufferers in the UK. The advisers who man the helpline at the British Dental Health Foundation anecdotally report an increase in calls. And an unscientific straw poll by the British Dental Association identifies a number of dentists who think it is on the rise. One reports: "I have definitely seen a huge interest in grinding-related problems since the start of the recession… I would say that I am probably seeing about five times as many cases as usual." Another suggests: "We have seen a lot of grinding and clenching of late. Because grinding can take a long time to show up as tooth wear it would be difficult to say that clinically obvious examples have started within the last twelve months or so." Yet another notes: "Whilst I haven't noted a particular increase of signs and symptoms associated with parafunctional [not to do with normal actions] clenching and grinding during the period of the recession, this is generally a phenomenon that is slowly increasing in prevalence." Colchester dentist Francois Roussouw has noted a marked rise in people suffering the effects of teethgrinding. "Over the last six-to-nine months there has been a 30% increase," he says. "We see fracturing teeth without any decay being present. People who fractured a healthy tooth in the past - that was very rare. In the past two months I've seen three patients where a perfectly healthy virgin tooth has been fractured into the root." Juliet Conner is one such patient. "I bit into this soft sandwich and heard this crack. There was pain and I thought 'what was that'." Mrs Conner suffered a broken tooth in October. And then another one in December. But she doesn't fit the pattern of stressed, recession-fixated business people. "I lost my husband six-and-a-half years ago - whether it's subconscious worry over that I don't know.  "I'm not a particularly stressed person."  Yann Maidment, who is part of a three-dentist-practice in central Edinburgh, can't be sure that the recession is to blame for the increase in patients with bruxism at his dental practice.  "We are sitting right in the middle of a financial district. We have seen a higher instance of clenching and grinding of the teeth. You ask them about stress - they are under more pressure "We know that stress is involved in the process but there can be other factors. When we take histories from people they will often describe an increase in stress levels that have accompanied the onset."  But while stress is a big factor, it's certainly not the only thing causing teethgrinding.  "There are other factors for example the anatomy of the jaw, the shape of the jawbone, the position of the teeth in respect of each other," says Dr Maidment.  Something more fundamental in Western lifestyle could be to blame, says Dr Hedger.

    Date: 08.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    The safety in some part the world is undermined, as a result each year so many people die.


    In some part of the third world countries people take no notice of the sign...


    Date: 09.03.2010 Time: 22.00


     

      Bonobos opt to share their food

    One of our closest primate relatives, the bonobo, has been shown to voluntarily share food, scientists report. This sort of generous behaviour was previously thought by some to be an exclusively human trait. But a team has carried out an experiment that revealed that bonobos were more likely to choose to share their food than opt to dine alone.  The research is published in the journal Current Biology. Dr Brian Hare from Duke University, US, and Suzy Kwetuenda from Lola y Bonobo, a centre for orphaned bonobos in the Democratic Republic of Congo, gave a hungry bonobo access to a room with some food in it. This room was adjacent to another two rooms, which the creature could easily see into. One of these rooms was empty while the other contained another bonobo. The hungry primate could then choose to eat the food alone or unlock the door by removing a wooden peg and share his fare with the other bonobo. Dr Hare wrote in Current Biology: "We found that the test subjects preferred to voluntarily open the recipient's door to allow them to share the highly desirable food that they could have easily eaten alone."  They now hope to uncover why the bonobos seem to prefer to share their food.  Dr Hare said it could be purely altruistic, or more selfish motives could drive this behaviour because sharing could be exchanged for future favours. The researchers hope this work could also shed light on what drives humans to voluntarily share.

    Date: 10.03.2010 Time: 22.00


    The sleeping killers behind the wheel

    A big increase in obesity threatens to cause health problems for millions of people across the world. In this week's Scrubbing Up, obesity expert Professor Tony Leeds warns that our weight problems could also put the lives of other people at risk.

    Britain is gripped by a much-publicised epidemic of obesity - one in four of us is clinically obese.  Many obese people face an increased risk of illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. On average, their lives will be shortened by nine years. But some might be unwittingly putting the lives of others at risk too. These additional fatalities are occurring not in Britain's cardiac units, but on the country's roads, due to people falling asleep at the wheel of cars and lorries. But why is this - and how many of us are unwittingly potential killers? It is because Britain has yet to wake up to the dangers of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA).

    Sleep deprivation

    OSA may be more common than is realised, especially in people with type 2 diabetes, where one in four might be affected. It causes snoring, interrupted by pauses in breathing, and choking and gasping during sleep. This makes sleep disturbed and restless, and can leave people tired, irritable, forgetful and depressed. It also increases the risk that they will fall asleep at work - or while driving. OSA can be caused by structural abnormalities of the upper airway but obesity is a big risk factor. Extra fat next to the airway can increase pressure on the muscles which support the airway, raising the risk that it will narrow and become obstructed.


    Date: 11.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    MONEY IS NOT EVERYTHING


    Mexican Billionaire Is World's Richest Man

     

    A Mexican billionaire has been declared the richest person in the world, the first time the title has been held by a non-American for 16 years. Telecoms tycoon Carlos Slim Helu saw off Microsoft boss Bill Gates and investor Warren Buffett to claim the top spot. Slim Helu controls a string of companies, including Telmex and America Movil, and has a net worth of $53.5bn (£35.7bn).

    * Who is Carlos Slim?

    In the UK the Duke of Westminster was again the wealthiest man, as he has been for much of the past decade. Property tycoons David and Simon Reuben were second in the UK, followed by high street retail boss Sir Philip Green. All three have increased their wealth despite the recession, with the Duke gaining $1bn (£668m) to amass a total net worth of $12bn (£8bn). The Reubens are worth £5bn, while Sir Philip has a fortune of £4.5bn. Gates was knocked off the top spot for only the second time since 1995 despite gaining $13bn (£8.7bn) in the past year. Forbes' 24th list of the world's richest people sees the number of billionaires rise from 793 last year to 1,011 now. In 2008 the total was 1,125. The ranking of more than 900 of the world's richest people includes 29 Britons and a total of 97 new billionaires from across the globe. Of these, 62 are from Asia, and for the first time China has the most billionaires - 64 - outside the US, where there are 403. Pakistan added its first billionaire this year, Bank chairman Mian Muhammad Mansha, as did Finland with Antti Herlin from engineering company KONE Corporation. The tally of the richest Europeans was dominated by retailers with Bernard Arnault from LVMH (Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton) ranked number one in the continent and seventh in the world. Amancio Ortego from Zara was second in Europe and ninth in the world, while Karl Albrecht from Aldi was third and 10th.



    Date: 12.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    OLDEST PERSON IN THE WORLD

    A 92-year-old woman has been charged with murdering her 98-year-old husband in Sydney, Australia.  It comes after the elderly man was found dead at their home in the Surry Hills area of the city. Police were called to the couple's apartment complex by neighbours who had expressed concern for the pair's welfare. Officers then found the body of the pensioner in the lounge. He had suffered head injuries, according to police. The victim's wife was arrested at the scene and then taken to Surry Hills police station. She was questioned, through an interpreter, and was later charged with murder. The suspect has appeared via video link at Parramatta Local Court. She is next due to appear at Central Local Court on Monday. A post-mortem is due to be carried out on the man's body to formally establish the cause of death.



    Date: 13.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    Popcorn recall after weevils found

    Packs of microwave popcorn have been recalled after a manufacturer discovered they could be infested with tiny pests. Rice weevils were found in three packets of Butterkist Sweet Microwave multipack popcorn and one batch of Butterkist Sweet Microwave single pack popcorn. The insects are 2 to 3mm long and dark brown, according to Rentokil. Butterkist manufacturer Tangerine Confectionery stressed they do not pose a health risk. The batch numbers of the multipacks affected are B8386, B8497 and B8496, and that of the single is A8394. These numbers are found on the best before panel on the packs. A statement from the company said: "We would like to reassure customers that this does not represent any form of health risk and that the problem has been identified and is limited to only these two Butterkist products. "Whilst the vast majority of Tangerine Confectionery products are made in our UK factories, the Microwave Popcorn is produced on our behalf in France and was available in Asda, Sainsbury's, Morrisons and other multiple and independent retailers between January 29 and March 13 2010." Customers who bought packs with the relevant batch numbers should call 0800 0352535 for more information.

    Date: 14.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    MOTHER'S DAY

    In the U.K it is mother's day. To me all days are mother 's day. We have to thank our mothers everyday for what they have done for us.






    Date: 15.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    Good care for more people

    The entire social care system needs a major revamp, says think-tank The King's Fund in a report published today. With councils under a lot of pressure - partly due to an ageing population - and home help and residential care currently being means-tested, only those with very severe problems get help, argues the report. The King's Fund's report, entitled "Securing good care for more people", is an updated version of the think-tank's social care review led by Sir Derek Wanless in 2006. The 2006 report proposed a "radical shake-up" of the system, suggesting a partnership between the government and individuals in which the former would always cover no less than two-thirds of costs of care. Today's report insists that the same model is the right way forward, admitting that the state of public sector finances and the rapidly ageing population leads to the conclusion that a state contribution of 50% of costs would be sufficient. The report comes as the government prepares to publish its own social care plan, taking into consideration their three options published last summer, one of which was a model similar to the partnership suggested by The King's Fund.





    Date:16.03.2010. Time: 22.00

    Wednesday 's night (Shabe-charshanbeh soory

    A NIGHT OF CELEBRATION IN IRAN. (Have fun, but be careful with children and elderly people 's safety when playing fire work in the public cities)

    It is the time that Iranian (Persians) celebrate the night of light against the evil and freedom against the dictators It is done according to the history of Iran when   SYAVASH was put into the fire and also was the Prophet Ebrahim who were all put into the fire but they were both saved and survived.  Enjoy the night and take care.



    Date: 17.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    ARRIVAL OF SPRING 

    Spring finally sprung and the nature is changing from cold winter into mild spring. Trees are waking up from winter sleep. So we should as a human being change all our bad feeling,s and bad habits and become fresh and happy person with a new attitude towards life.  Because life is too short and we should enjoy everyday being a healthy person and appreciate what we have.


    Date: 18.03.2010 Time: 22.00


    The great aspirin debate

    A new report says it may not be the wonder drug we’d hoped, so should we keep on taking the tablets?

    Can there be any drug more reassuring than the humble aspirin? Languishing in the bottom of your handbag just waiting for a migraine or hangover to strike, it offers the ultimate quick fix for a host of minor ailments. And then there’s cardiovascular disease. Even if you don’t believe yourself to be at risk, you probably felt comforted that aspirin helped to prevent heart attacks and also strokes. Alas, not quite. New research from Edinburgh University reveals that healthy people who take the painkiller every day almost doubled the risk of internal bleeding, while there was no discernible impact on heart disease. The study was conducted on 3,350 people whose blood-pressure tests indicated they had problems with arteries in their legs. Over eight years, 34 people who took a daily aspirin suffered haemorrhages requiring hospital treatment, compared with only 20 such cases among the placebo group. Even more worrying, 14 participants on aspirin developed a stomach ulcer, compared with eight who were taking the dummy pill. Dr Andrew Green is a Yorkshire-based GP who also works with the charity Sense About Science to help demystify the daily barrage of conflicting health information. “The science part is that we know aspirin reduces people’s risk of heart disease in those who have previously had a heart attack,” he says. “For those people, the potential side effect of internal bleeding is a risk worth taking. But everyone else should steer clear — the risks outweigh the benefits.” Aspirin may have side effects, but last month another study, from Harvard University, indicated that it could protect against breast cancer. Which research should we pay attention to? “You have to look at the data,” says Green. “That study only found mild benefits. We need to be naturally supicious of borderline evidence: the risks are too great.” Risk is a word that’s never far away from the topic of heart disease, possibly because there are so many misconceptions about who is vulnerable. “People mistakenly think heart attacks only happen to men of a certain age — this is not true,” says Judy O’Sullivan, senior cardiac nurse at the British Heart Foundation. “Women are three times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than breast cancer. And it’s not just postmenopausal women either. If you are in your thirties or forties and you smoke and are overweight, your hormones won’t necessarily protect you. You could be at risk of a heart attack.” When it comes to preventing heart disease, there are many steps that don’t involve popping a pill. So why did so many people embrace the aspirin remedy? The health psychologist Dr Brian Marien, a former GP, believes there is good reason. “With dramatic health scares that we read about or see on television, such as heart attacks, we feel the need to take action to lower the chances of it happening to us. Frightened people access what are known as ‘safety behaviours’, a quick fix such as taking a tablet. Changing your diet and lifestyle is a much more difficult challenge, so we resort to the pill.” He also points out that, for some people, taking a pill to ward off an illness gives them a free pass to indulge in unhealthy lifestyle choices. “To use a religious analogy, it’s a bit like going to confession and then feeling free to go off and misbehave until the next time. So it is with health. We take the pills we believe are going to protect us, so then we can revert back to our favourite bad habits, be it overeating, lack of exercise or smoking.” O’Sullivan has a practical antidote for such naughtiness. “The reason aspirin was such an appealing method is you could take it every day,” she says. “Choose something healthy that you can do on a daily basis instead — one small change such as eating a good breakfast or taking the stairs instead of the lift when you get to work. It’s the habitual choices that make the big difference.”  three times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than breast cancer. And it’s not just postmenopausal women either. If you are in your thirties or forties and you smoke and are overweight, your hormones won’t necessarily protect you. You could be at risk of a heart attack.” When it comes to preventing heart disease, there are many steps that don’t involve popping a pill. So why did so many people embrace the aspirin remedy? The health psychologist Dr Brian Marien, a former GP, believes there is good reason. “With dramatic health scares that we read about or see on television, such as heart attacks, we feel the need to take action to lower the chances of it happening to us. Frightened people access what are known as ‘safety behaviours’, a quick fix such as taking a tablet. Changing your diet and lifestyle is a much more difficult challenge, so we resort to the pill.” He also points out that, for some people, taking a pill to ward off an illness gives them a free pass to indulge in unhealthy lifestyle choices. “To use a religious analogy, it’s a bit like going to confession and then feeling free to go off and misbehave until the next time. So it is with health. We take the pills we believe are going to protect us, so then we can revert back to our favourite bad habits, be it overeating, lack of exercise or smoking.” O’Sullivan has a practical antidote for such naughtiness. “The reason aspirin was such an appealing method is you could take it every day,” she says. “Choose something healthy that you can do on a daily basis instead — one small change such as eating a good breakfast or taking the stairs instead of the lift when you get to work. It’s the habitual choices that make the big difference.” 


    Date: 19.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    HEALTH HAS BEEN A BIG ISSUE IN USA

    US President Barack Obama has described a congressional vote on healthcare reform due on Sunday as a "historic" moment in a century-long struggle. Speaking at a rally in Virginia, he dismissed criticism of the bill from Republicans and some Democrats. Appealing to lawmakers and citizens to back the legislation, he said: "The time for reform is right now." Democrats are still working to secure enough House of Representatives votes to pass a Senate version of the bill. The BBC's Mark Mardell in Virginia says that Mr Obama's speech was fiery but the Democratic Party seems deflated, with no real desire to motivate the people.

    'Hard debate'
    The reforms would deliver on Mr Obama's top domestic priority by providing insurance to some 30 million Americans who currently lack it. Calling the battle to create the bill, "messy", "frustrating" and "ugly", Mr Obama said the final proposal was the culmination of a year of "hard debate". "Every argument has been made," he told students at George Mason University. "We have incorporated the best ideas from Democrats and Republicans into a final proposal." The House of Representatives and the Senate adopted different versions of the bill in November and December. The usual procedure would be for two versions of legislation to be combined into a single bill for President Obama to sign into law. But after Senate Democrats lost the 60-seat majority required to defeat a filibuster by Republicans, Democratic leaders decided to use a controversial procedure to ensure the bill's passage. Under the plan, the House will vote on a package of reconciliation "fixes" amending the Senate bill.

    'Bill of rights'

    The Senate will then be able to make changes in a separate bill using a procedure known as reconciliation, which allows budget provisions to be approved with 51 votes - rather than the 60 needed to overcome blocking tactics. Mr Obama brushed aside Republican claims that the bill was too costly and said Americans had been told "a whole bunch of nonsense" about its contents. The reform, he said, "brings our deficit down by more than one trillion dollars over the next two decades. Not only can we afford to do this. We can't afford not to do this." According to Congressional Budget Office, the final version of the Democrats' healthcare plan will cut the federal deficit by $138bn over 10 years. The non-partisan body said the proposed legislation would cost about $940bn over a decade. The president also lashed out an insurance companies whose lobbyists, he said, were prowling the corridors of Washington, trying to prevent the bill passing. "We are going to end the worst practices of insurance companies. This is a patients' bill of rights on steroids," he told a cheering crowd. The reforms would increase insurance coverage through tax credits for the middle class and expansion of the Medicaid programme for the poor. If approved, they would represent the biggest change in the US healthcare system since the creation in the 1960s of Medicare, the government-run scheme for Americans aged 65 or over. 

    Date: 20.03.2010 Time: 22.00


    In 1979 there was one Shah in Iran. In 2010 there have been 75,000,000




       

    Date: 21.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    NOOROOZ (Persian New Year) (IT is first of Spring, they celebrate the departure of winter and cold, and the arrival of spring and warm) 

    It is being recognized by UN this year that NOOROOZ is internationally will be recognized.

                   

    Date: 22.03.2010 Time: 22.00

     

                   

    Seaweed bread 'key to obesity'

    Seaweed bread could be the answer to the obesity epidemic, scientists have said. Researchers found seaweed fibre could reduce the body's fat uptake by more than 75%. A fibrous material in Sea Kelp called alginate was better at preventing fat absorption than most over-the-counter slimming treatments, laboratory tests showed. Dr Iain Brownlee, who co-led the University of Newcastle team, said: "This suggests that if we can add the natural fibre to products commonly eaten daily - such as bread, biscuits and yoghurts - up to three quarters of the fat contained in that meal could simply pass through the body. "We have already added the alginate to bread and initial taste tests have been extremely encouraging. Now the next step is to carry out clinical trials to find out how effective it is when eaten as part of a normal diet." The scientists used an "artificial gut" to test the effectiveness of 60 different natural fibres by measuring the extent to which they affected the digestion of fat. They presented their findings at the American Chemical Society's spring meeting in San Francisco, US. Dr Brownlee said the aim was to see if the same effects modelled in the laboratory could be reproduced in living volunteers. "Our initial findings are that alginates significantly reduce fat digestion," he said.



    Date: 23.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    EATING DISORDERS




    Eating Disorders

    Most of us in the UK are overweight and many are constantly dieting. How can we talk about what's normal when it comes to eating when the majority of us simply consume too much food? Vivienne Parry sets forth on a mission to pin down what normal or healthy eating actually means. She meets the evangelists from the raw food, pure food community, the health food junkies who say their diet is the natural, 'normal' way of eating, and hears from those who fear that an obsession with eating only the 'purest' of foods is giving rise to a new 'righteous eating' condition called orthopraxis. Vivienne speaks to those who believe extreme diets and restricting and controlling what we eat are worrying steps on a path towards a diagnosable eating disorder. But others say that eccentric diets represent a rejection of the current food environment, a problem only when they seriously affect on someone's life, or offer inadequate nutrition. With a staggering 60 per cent of us overweight or obese, one woman tells Vivienne how desperate she is to achieve a 'normal' weight, as she prepares for gastric surgery to reduce her 19 stone weights. Obesity is the subject of a powerful struggle among medical professionals, who are currently deciding what should and shouldn't be considered to be a mental disorder. A prominent neuroscientist tells Vivienne that obesity is a brain disorder, while others argue that handing out psychiatric labels to obese people risks labelling swathes of the population as 'abnormal'.


    Date: 24.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    Lie-in for teenagers has positive results




    A school that has allowed its pupils to start the day an hour later says it has seen absenteeism decline.  At Monkseaton High School, in North Tyneside, 800 pupils aged 13-19 have started lessons at 10am since October. Early results indicates that general absence has dropped by 8% and persistent absenteeism by 27%.  Head teacher Paul Kelley said that changing the school day could help towards creating "happier, better educated teenagers".  Mr Kelley said it was now medically established that it was better for teenagers to start their school day later in terms of their mental and physical health and how they learn better in the afternoon.  "It is a question of do schools fit the medical reality of teenagers?" he said.  The experiment of starting the school an hour later is being overseen by scientists, including an Oxford neuroscience professor Russell Foster.  He performed memory tests on pupils at the school which suggested the more difficult lessons should take place in the afternoon.  He said young people's body clocks may shift as they reach their teenage years - meaning they want to get up later not because they are lazy but because they are biologically programmed to do.  Prof Till Roenneberg, who is an expert on studying sleep, said it was "nonsense" to start the school day early.  He said: "It is about the way our biological clock settles into light and dark cycles. This clearly becomes later and later in adolescence."  Prof Roenneberg said if teenagers are woken up too early they miss out on the most essential part of their sleep.  "Sleep is essential to consolidate what you learn," he said.

    Exam results

    Mr Kelley said GCSE results from his school in January and February also seemed "hopeful" but it was too soon to say for definite whether changing the school hours had affected grades.  The final results of the study at the school are due to be published in an academic journal, probably next year.  Mr Kelley said: "We can help them learn better. We can help them be less stressed by simply changing the time of the school day."  He said that this in turn could change ideas about young people in general. "This is one of the things society has imposed on teens because it feels right for us [adults]," he said.  But now we know the implications of this situation, he said: "We can change provision for teenagers and we are going to have happier, better educated teenagers."  He said starting the school day later had not caused any particular problems as the school is still open 8am-5pm, with lessons running 10am-3.40pm. The school will decide before the next timetable is finalised whether or not to continue with the later start.


    Date: 25.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    Is spinach the best source of iron?

    Spinach may not be the best source of iron, but there are still health benefits — and the supermarket bags are better still.

    Q: Is spinach as good for as you people say? I’ve heard that it’s hardly got any iron, even though we all associate it with Popeye and bulging muscles.

    A: Spinach does give us iron, but our bodies can make use of only about half of what is present because within the spinach leaves, the iron is bound tightly to a substance known as oxalic acid, making it hard for our bodies to absorb it. The bottom line is that while 50g of fresh baby spinach leaves in a salad gives us about 1mg of iron, of which we can make use of 0.5g, you need about a 70g portion of cooked spinach to provide about the same. To give this a sense of perspective, women should be aiming for 14.8mg a day; men 8.7mg a day. Popeye would have been better off gulping down a steak with about 2mg of very easily absorbed iron or better still, the same weight of canned sardines with more than double this. However, the “iron issue” is no reason to give up on spinach. Bursting with the yellow pigment lutein, which you cannot see because it is overpowered by the presence of the green cholorophyll, spinach has been described by some scientists as an important part of any “eyesight-saving programme”. This is because lutein, along with sunglasses and a decently brimmed hat, helps to protect our eyes from sun damage that over the years damages a spot at the back of the eye called the macular lutea. This damage ultimately triggers age-related blindness. Spinach is great too for the B vitamin folate, linked with lowering levels of homocysteine in blood, which if left raised clogs arteries in a cholesterol-like way. It also gives us a good slug of vitamin C, with a 50g serving of fresh leaves in a salad providing more than half our daily needs. If you normally buy bagged baby spinach leaves from the supermarket and worry that they are not as good as those freshly picked from your local farmers’ market, you will be pleased to hear that new research has revealed how bagged spinach left under supermarket-style fluorescent lighting actually boosts its levels of certain nutrients. Scientists found that simulating the lighting system of supermarkets affected the photosynthetic systems in the leaves which are associated with production of super-nutrients such as lutein as well as vitamins C, K (needed for strong bones), E (for good-quality skin) and folate. All were found to be significantly higher after three days of such light exposure and while levels then fell back, vitamin C for example ended up at the same level after nine days as those present in day one of storage. It is possible that other salad leaves would be affected in similar conditions. I never thought I’d see myself extolling the virtues of bagged salad leaves, but it seems they may have some saving nutritional graces after all.


    Date: 26.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    Great Iranian Prophet's Birthday.


    Three Divine: 1- Good Thoughts, 2- Good Words, 3- Good Deeds

    Zoroaster (or Zarathushtra 628– c. 551 BCE, also referred to as Zartosht an ancient Iranian prophet, philosopher and religious poet. The hymns attributed to him, the Gathas, are at the liturgical core of Zoroastrianism. Avestan is generally accepted to derive from an Old Iranian which might in turn be a zero-grade form of This is supported by reconstructions from later Iranian languages – in particular from Middle Persian, which is the form the name has in the 9th- to 12th-century Zoroastrian texts.  Asho Zodosht was the first prophet who introduced "mono-theism" (belief in One God) to the world. We add the title of "Asho" (the righteous one) when we address his name. Asho Zartosht was chosen by Ahura Mazda (God) to be a prophet to guide the people, on the path of Truth and Righteousness. He was born in north eastern Iran about 3760 years ago. Asho Zartosht's birthday falls on the 26th of March. He announced his Prophecy on his 30th birthday, during the reign of King Goshtasb of Iran.  The religion that Asho Zartosht brought to mankind is based on the "3" Divine Principles "HU-MATA", "HU-KHTA" and "HVA-RESHTA" "Good Thoughts", "Good Words" and "Good Deeds". Asho-Zartosht's teachings are contained in the Holy "Gathas". There are 5 "Gathas" which in turn have 17 sections. The "Gathas" are also part of our "Avesta" prayers.Asho Za (read less)

    Date: 27.03.2010 Time: 22.00






    School life and friends may give confidence a knock.

    Help give your child a boost with these ideas:

    • Believe in your child and show it - let her know she's a worthwhile, lovable individual.
    • Give praise and positive feedback - your child measures her worth and achievements by what you think of her. "Well done, that was hard, and you managed it" is music to young ears. Reassure your child that it's OK to make mistakes and that it's all part of growing up.
    • Practise active, reflective listening - listen carefully, repeat what you've heard to make sure you understand and give positive prompts to encourage your child to continue.
    • Acknowledge your child's feelings - and help her express them verbally.
    • Criticise behaviour, not your child - it's very easy to fall into this trap, but too much criticism tells your child she's a bad person and is causing things to happen because of her own stupidity. This is very damaging if it goes on for a long time. Be clear that it's an action you're angry about or behaviour you don't like.
    • Respect your child's interests, even if they seem boring to you - take a genuine interest in your child's friends, and what's happening at school, and comment to show you're listening.
    • Accept any fears or insecurities your child expresses as genuine - even if they seem trivial to you, don't just brush them aside. If your child says, "I'm useless at maths" say "You're obviously finding maths a struggle, how can I help you?".
    • Encourage independence - encourage your child to take chances and try new things. Succeeding gives a huge boost to confidence, and sometimes your child will need to learn by her mistakes.
    • Laugh with your child - never at her.
    • Focus on your child's successes - swimming, music, whatever she can succeed at.

    Are you helping or hindering?

    You've warned your child she shouldn't walk across the carpet carrying a cup full of milk and her dinner. She does it anyway, but trips and spills it. It's tempting to say: "Now look what you've done. I told you that you couldn't do it."

    Comments such as this make your child feel even worse than she does already for failing at something. Instead, try to give support by saying something like: "Oh no, you tried, but it didn't work. Never mind. Next time you could carry them one at a time."

    It's not only the critical things said directly to your children that can undermine confidence. If your child overhears you tell someone that "she's got two left feet" or "she's so clumsy" they might think you really believe this and feel it can't be changed.

    Things you say about yourself can damage your child's self-esteem. Children learn a great deal from copying adults close to them. If you overreact to situations or pressure, your child may worry you really can't handle life's challenges. This won't set your child an example of a positive, optimistic attitude to life and how to handle problems.

    Think before you speak and choose your words with care - it's very easy to say something without thinking, and then wish you hadn't. "You're so clumsy" or "Don't be stupid" can be said in an irritated moment when the cereal is spilled or an innocent question is asked. Too many negative remarks like this can result in children believing they're useless or stupid.

    All the following can damage a child's confidence:

    • Saying you don't love them
    • Saying you wish they'd never been born
    • Insults or unkind remarks
    • Deliberately ridiculing things your child does or feels
    • Cruel teasing and sarcasm
    • Endless nagging
    • Aggressive shouting and swearing


    Date: 28.03.2010 Time: 22.00




    Do we care about our children?

    Mood swings and independence

    Until now, your child may have been reasonably happy for you to make most of the major decisions in her life. But as she grows, so she develops a strong will of her own. It can feel hurtful when an amenable, friendly child suddenly becomes moody and snaps at you over the slightest thing. Some parents find these changes harder than others to deal with. However, some parents prefer having young people to talk to and spend time with. For the adolescent, it's an experimental time, working out what sort of teenager and young person she's eventually going to become.

    When does it all begin?

    Puberty, or the start of adolescence, is now taking place earlier than in previous generations, and is earlier in girls than boys. The average is 12 to 14 years for girls and 13 to 15 for boys. By the end of primary school, several girls in a class will probably have begun menstruation.

    The physical signs of puberty include:

    • A growth spurt
    • Becoming more clumsy
    • Growth of body hair and an increase in sweat production
    • For girls, breasts develop and periods begin
    • A boy's voice may become more husky as a prelude to it breaking in a year or two

    Emotional signs include:

    • Moodiness and rapid changes of temperament
    • Strong feelings about many different things (embarrassment, love, hate)
    • Worry over appearance, especially the unfamiliar body changes
    • Becoming much more idealistic and aware of external issues
    • Sensitivity over body appearance - never tease your adolescent over spots, body shape and other physical changes

    You may not be able to simply reassure your adolescent that she looks fine. It's important to show you understand her concerns, while still giving a positive view of the matter: "I can understand you're worried about people noticing that spot. It isn't likely, but I can get you something to camouflage or put on it if you like."

    It's important to respect your adolescent's need to try out different ideas, and not to constantly put her down. It can avoid many arguments and rows if you can concede, while still making it clear what your own views are: "Yes, I see your point, but what I believe is..." not simply, "That's ridiculous, how can you possibly think like that?"

     

    Peer pressure

    From around the time a child transfers to secondary school at about 11 or 12, the influence of friends often begins to take on greater importance than that of parents. The clothes they wear, the school bags they carry, the music and films they like must all be slavishly copied. This is extremely important for adolescents - nothing is more vital to them than feeling that they belong and are accepted by their peers. The wise parent goes along with this as far as possible. Your child will be making all her own choices as an adult soon enough, and there's no sense in huge disputes and rows if she wants to start now. This is still the time to shop together, but allow your child some say over what she likes and dislikes - don't just impose your own tastes.

    Sexuality and your adolescent

    It's essential to teach about menstruation, conception and sexual relations in a matter-of-fact way. It can be much harder to talk about sexual feelings, the emotions involved and the responsibility.

    • Discuss sexual matters - use informal opportunities as they crop up, and always respond honestly and appropriately to your child's questions. Try to use other cues, like a mention on TV, to bring in difficult topics such as masturbation or protecting yourself from abuse. Children gradually become more self-conscious with age, so the earlier you do all this, the better.
    • Talk about love - use everyday events in the family such as a wedding, or a baby's birth, to discuss love and responsibility to others.
    • Don't laugh at 'crushes' - it's very common for youngsters to develop a crush on a celebrity and have posters plastered all over their walls. Your child may also develop a strong emotional attachment to a real friend and it's wrong to make fun of this.
    • Show you trust your child to behave responsibly in sexual matters - this should act as an incentive for your child to live up to your expectations. Constant prying or suspicion will have the opposite effect.
    • Don't panic - you may find your child tells dirty jokes, draws or looks at pictures of naked bodies or even indulges in some sex play with friends. This is all quite normal.
    • Respect your adolescent's growing need for privacy - she'll probably become very self-conscious about nakedness.
    • Give clear information about the behaviour that's appropriate in any sexual situations - stress that her body is private and no one has the right to do anything unwanted or to make her feel uncomfortable. Giving your child this information means that she'll be less vulnerable to abuse.

    Early adolescence problems

    Some adolescents become very shy, even though they may not have been like this as younger children. They may appear to be doing well at school, but spend all their time studying at the expense of developing friendships. Try to boost confidence and make it clear friends are welcome to come round - but many children just need time to work through this stage.

    Your adolescent may refuse to do something that seems like very little effort. She won't hang up a coat instead of dropping it in the hallway, she won't write a thank-you note to a grandparent, however often you ask. The emotional effort required can just seem like too much effort to your child. Also, much like a toddler, your child has become very aware of her increased independence and widening range of choices. She says "no" simply because she can. The secret is to accept that you have to give up control over your child. It's no longer desirable, or possible to order her to do things - you'll only create battles and even more resistance. Hopefully, if you don't force battles, she'll eventually realise that being cooperative isn't a threat to her independence. Many parents find untidiness one of the most irritating things about adolescents. Towels are casually dropped on the floor, schoolbooks are left on the kitchen table, and rooms look as if a bomb has hit them. The only solution is to allow your child to experience natural consequences - if she never puts clothes in the wash basket, sooner or later she'll have nothing clean to wear. If she never tidies her room, there'll come a point where she feels so frustrated at not being able to find things that she has a massive clear-up. You need to accept that a young person has the right to deal with their own room in their own way. If you give an example of keeping things well organised and tidy, the chances are your adolescent will eventually do the same. Adults often have a double standard, accepting a level of chaos in their own room or desk, nagging a child to keep to an unrealistic level of tidiness. These years are the beginning of the teens when you have to learn to let go, to allow your child privacy and space and the right to learn by her own mistakes.


    Date: 29.03.2010 Time: 22.00

    What is Prostate? Read from the main menu.

    Date: 30.03.2010 Time: 22.00




    WHAT IS BMI

    Calculate you Mass Body Index (MBI)
    Body frames vary and it's difficult for any simple measurement to work out a person's frame. It's more accurate to recommend a weight range, rather than a specific weight for a given height. To calculate your BMI select your correct height and weight and let the BMI calculator do the rest. BMI will vary slightly according to gender.


    If you'd like to calculate your BMI yourself, follow these three steps.
    1. Work out your height in metres and multiply the figure by itself.
    2. Measure your weight in kilograms
    3. Divide the weight by the height squared (ie. the answer to Q1). For example, you might be 1.6m (5ft 3in) tall and weigh 65kg (10st 3lb). The calculation would then be:
    1.6 x 1.6 = 2.56. BMI would be 65 divided by 2.56 = 25.39.


    Waist measurement


    BMI alone is not a good guide to who is at most risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease. Instead, waist circumference may be a much more accurate measure of future health problems because what matters is where you carry your excess kilos/pounds. People who are an apple shape - they store fat around their midriff - are far more likely to develop heart disease and diabetes than those who are a pear shape or more diffusely plump. A waist circumference greater than 80cm (32in) for women and 94cm (37in) for men indicates increased risk, while a measurement of more than 88cm (35in) for women and 102cm (40in) for men is particularly worrying.


    Waist-hip ratio


    An even better measurement of risk may be the ratio of your waist circumference (the narrowest point on your abdomen) to your hip circumference (the widest point). A ratio of more than 1.0 for a man (in other words your waist is bigger than your hips) or 0.8 for a woman means you urgently need to reduce your weight and increase your levels of exercise.
     


    Date: 31.03.2010 Time: 22.00  

     

    SPRING  &  SNOW



    Winter in spring - Hundreds of people have been rescued from their cars and tens of thousands of homes are without power after blizzards blanketed parts of northern Britain.

    Snow storms and strong winds have hit many parts of Scotland, with more snow, gale force winds and torrential rain wreaking havoc across Northern Ireland. In Glenshane Pass, County Londonderry, around 300 people had to be rescued from their vehicles which became stranded in snow, including a bus carrying 20 schoolchildren, police said. Officers, mountain rescue and the coastguard worked to lead them to safety at a nearby leisure centre - which was then hit by a power cut. About 48,000 homes in the province were without electricity after high winds brought down power lines and poles. The power cuts hit an area stretching from Enniskillen in the south to Coleraine in the north. There were also weather-related power cuts for up to 20,000 households across Scotland. Ayrshire was among the areas worst affected there. In the Borders, the East Coast Mainline was closed by landslides at Dunbar and Berwick, hitting all services North to Edinburgh. The Met Office has issued extreme weather warnings for all of Scotland and Northern Ireland, forecasting more severe blizzards and severe drifting snow up to 50cm (20in) deep in parts. There could also be snow flurries across high areas of England and Wales, experts said. Despite it officially being British Summer Time, the weather does not want to play ball. Sky News weather presenter Isobel Lang said: "It was just starting to feel more spring-like, and then hey presto, our weather has plummeted into winter. "The weather conditions will be atrocious in places with around 15cm, six inches, of snow possible at low levels, and a staggering 40cm, nearly a foot and a half, over high ground. "Some routes are likely to become impassable, and interruptions to power supplies are also possible. Speaking about the rescued motorists in Country Londonderry, Chief Inspector Stephen Cargin from the Police Service of Northern Ireland told reporters: "The road conditions were becoming so bad that there was about 10 inches of snow. "About 120 vehicles were trapped on a 15-mile stretch of the Glenshane Pass. We had to commence an emergency operation involving ourselves, the coastguard and mountain rescue. "We've rescued about 300 people from their vehicles. Everybody has been rescued safely with no casualties. About nine people refused to leave their vehicles and were staying there." The worst of the snow is expected to die out by tomorrow, but it will remain unsettled in most parts for several days. Northern Ireland Electricity said there was damage to its power network in Omagh, Enniskillen, Dungannon, Londonderry, Coleraine and Ballymena. In Scotland, snow ploughs and gritters were called out in many parts of the country as several inches of snow paralysed roads.