WHAT IS SUGAR
The World Health Organisation and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations expert report (WHO Technical Report Series 916 Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases) defines free sugars as all monosaccharides and disaccharides added to foods by the manufacturer, cook or consumer, plus sugars naturally present in honey, syrups and fruit juices. This includes all the sugars referred to above. The term distinguishes these forms from all other culinary sugars added in their natural form with no refining at all.
Baking weight/mass volume relationship.
• Brown sugar 1 cup = 48 teaspoons ~ 195 g = 6.88 oz
• Granular sugar 1 cup = 48 teaspoons ~ 200 g = 7.06 oz
• Powdered sugar 1 cup = 48 teaspoons ~ 120 g = 4.23 oz
• Dextrose Sugar 0.62 g/ml
• Granulated Sugar 0.70 g/ml
• Powdered Sugar 0.56 g/ml
• Beet Sugar 0.80 g/ml
Monosaccharides in a closed-chain form can form glycosidic bonds with other monosaccharides, creating disaccharides (such as sucrose) and polysaccharides (such as starch). Enzymes must hydrolyse or otherwise break these glycosidic bonds before such compounds become metabolised. After digestion and absorption. The principal monosaccharides present in the blood and internal tissues include glucose, fructose, and galactose. Many pentoses and hexoses can form ring structures. In these closed-chain forms, the aldehyde or ketone group remains un-free, so many of the reactions typical of these groups cannot occur. Glucose in solution exists mostly in the ring form at equilibrium, with less than 0.1% of the molecules in the open-chain form.
Natural polymers of sugars
Crystalline fructose and high-fructose corn syrup are often confused as the same product. Crystalline fructose, which is often produced from a fructose-enriched corn syrup, is indeed the monosaccharide. High-fructose corn syrup, however, is usually a mixture of nearly equal amounts of fructose and glucose.
In summary here are ways that refined sugar can affect your health:
a) Sugar can suppress the immune system.
b) Sugar can upset the body's mineral balance.
c) Sugar can contribute to hyperactivity, anxiety, depression, concentration difficulties, and crankiness in children.
d) Sugar can produce a significant rise in triglycerides.
e) Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.
f) Sugar can reduce helpful high density cholesterol (HDLs).
g) Sugar can promote an elevation of harmful cholesterol (LDLs).
h) Sugar can cause hypoglycemia.
i) Sugar contributes to a weakened defense against bacterial infection.
j) Sugar can cause kidney damage.
k) Sugar can increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
l) Sugar may lead to chromium deficiency.
m) Sugar can cause copper deficiency.
n) Sugar interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.
o) Sugar can increase fasting levels of blood glucose.
p) Sugar can promote tooth decay.
q) Sugar can produce an acidic stomach.
r) Sugar can raise adrenaline levels in children.
s) Sugar can lead to periodontal disease.
t) Sugar can speed the aging process, causing wrinkles and grey hair.
u) Sugar can increase total cholesterol.
v) Sugar can contribute to weight gain and obesity.
w) High intake of sugar increases the risk of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
x) Sugar can contribute to diabetes.
y) Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.
z) Sugar can cause a decrease in insulin sensitivity.
1) Sugar leads to decreased glucose tolerance.
2) Sugar can cause cardiovascular disease.
3) Sugar can increase systolic blood pressure.
4) Sugar causes food allergies.
5) Sugar can cause free radical formation in the bloodstream.
6) Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.
7) Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.
8) Sugar can overstress the pancreas, causing damage.
9) Sugar can cause atherosclerosis.
10) Sugar can compromise the lining of the capillaries.
11) Sugar can cause liver cells to divide, increasing the size of the liver.
12) Sugar can increase the amount of fat in the liver.
13) Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney.
14) Sugar can cause depression.
15) Sugar can increase the body's fluid retention.
16) Sugar can cause hormonal imbalance.
17) Sugar can cause hypertension.
18) Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines.
19) Sugar can cause an increase in delat, alpha and theta brain waves, which can alter the mind's ability to think clearly.
20) Sugar can increase blood platelet adhesiveness which increases risk of blood clots and strokes.
21) Sugar can increase insulin responses in those consuming high-sugar diets compared to low sugar diets.
22) Sugar increases bacterial fermentation in the colon.
Brown Sugar White sugar
OTHER POINTS ABOUT THE SUGAR
1) One thing is bad for us is the white processed sugar. There is no nutrient in sugar.
2) This is my opinion that white processed sugar is very bad for everything such as mental, physical, and emotional health.
3) Artificial sweeteners are refined and it is poisonous material for our body, in fact it make you to put on more weight.
4) We need sugar, it is a energy and we can get it from brown sugar which is unprocessed and it is coming from sugar cane or sugar beets.
5) We also would have sugar from fruits, vegetables we eat.
6) There sugar in all kind of processed foods, such as beans, breads, sups, …which is very bad.
7) Sugar we get from the fruits and vegetables are nutrients because it has water, minerals, vitamins, protein, and other natural, it has all the nutrient which will not through you up and down, which sugar has nothing in it and through you up and down.
8) We need sugar and anything we eat it will be converted into sugar, but refined and artificial sweeteners are not good,
9) Honey is also sugar but it is coming from the bees and it is naturally processed and it is good for you.
10) If you want to be physically, mentally, emotionally feel good get rid of processed, refined white sugar;
11) If you want to be balanced and not be moody, feel tired, anxious, depressed and unhappy get rid of artificial sugar;
12) If you want to be a healthy first thing you should do to get rid of artificial sugar;
13) Sugar is drug like heroin; it is bad for you;
14) Baby foods are full of sugar when they grow up they become addicted to sugar therefore they suffer a lot because they are addicted to refined artificial sugar.
15) Because we are used to refined artificial sugar since we were a child it is not easy to get rid of it. When you try to come off the sugar then you will know how difficult it will be because you get used to it.
16) When you are having sugar your blood sugar goes up and your body suffers a lot to bring the blood sugar done, so the whole body system suffers
17) These refined and artificial sugars are toxin to your body and your body suffers a lot to get rid of the toxin