HAFEZ SHIRAZI + sAADI +  ATAR +                                                                                    

                               


  • I and refusal of wine! What a tale this is!Doutless, this degree of reason mine; and sufficient is.
  • I, who nights, with the drum and harp, have dashed down the path of piety , I, suddenly, bring my head to the path! What a tale this is!
  • If the Zahid take not the path to profligacy, he is excused, Love is a work, that dependent on the guidance is.
  • I am the slave of the Pir of the Mogians, who released me from ignorance, whatever our Pir doeth, the essence of friendly assistance is.
  • Up to the last, I knew not the path to the wine-house: if not, to what an extent, our austerity is.
  • The Zahid, and haughtiness, and prayer; and I, and intoxication, and supplication; Let us see, with whom of these, they favor indeed is.
  • Last night, I slept not on account of this thought that a sage uttered: "If HAFEZ be intoxicated, room for complaint is"

HAFEZ - is the shining star of the rich Persian literature, was born in Shiraz in year 1295. During 77 years of his prolific life he presented his great Gnostic and poetic services to the Persian literature and Iranian culture. His marvelous poem, not complying with existing norms of his time. contributed a valuable and unique treasure to the Persian literature. He made excellent use of allusions, metaphors, parables and other figures of speech, never achieved before or after him.  He was one of the rare poets capable of expressing the lovers, grief, the feelings of burning butterflies, a candle's sigh and a nightingale's love with great eloquence.  He has preserved his words in an ocean of accessible and unique definitions and images, which are an honor for the Persian culture. HAFEZ has 5000 verses, and 5000 lyric-poems., several long elegies, short couplets and a few pieces of 9th century inscriptions. He died in 1372 and was buried in Shiraz. In Iran every house has a copy of his book (DIVAN) People of Iran before beginning any new venture, or when hesitant about any particular decision, people consult his DIVAN to seek a convincing answer, which they often find.

                                                 

      Shaikh Saadi Shirazi


     

                   

Saadi: "The belly is chains to the hands, and fetters to the feet. He who is a slave to his belly seldom worship the Almighty God"

and he said:

"He who is a slave to his belly sleeps not for two nights; one night from a loaded stomach, and the next night through want."

Almighty Lord said:

"Eat ye and drink but not to excess" The Quran 7-31

kooloo va ashraboo valaa toosrreefoo


Saadi Said:

"Eat not so much as to cram yourself up to the throat, neither so little that you should die of weakness."


Saadi Shirazi-

Muslihuddin Abu Mohhamad Abdullah, his pen name is Saadi. He was born in 1184 in Shiraz and died in 1291. He was buried in Shiraz. He was one of the major Persian poets of the medieval period. He is recognisednot only for the quality of his work, but also for the depth of his social thought. Barak Hossien Oboma in his Noorooz (Persian New year) (.20 .03.2009) to the Iranian stated the followings poems from Saadi Gulestan which has been written above United Nation entrance door:

Human beings are members of a whole         In creation of one essence and soul.

If one member is afflicted with pain                other members uneasy will remain

If you have no sympathy for human pain         the name of human you cannot retain.


Saadi in all his works mentioned about " we are what we eat." he said people who eat too much they will not be able to act like a human being.

"A sensualist does not practise virtue, and he who is unskillful is not fit to rule over others. Spare not the voracious ox, for a glutton is given to sloth. If you wish to fatten like an ox, submit your body to the oppressors like an ass."


People who are not generous  

"Two persons died, and carried with them regret. He who had riches, and did not enjoy, and he who had knowledge, but made no use of it. No one ever saw a learned man who was a miser, that people did not endeavor to point out his faults: but if a generous man hath two hundred defects, his generosity will cover them." 

A grateful dog is better than ungrateful man.  

"Man is beyond dispute the most excellent of created beings, but the vilest animal is a dog: but the sages agree, that a grateful dog, is better than an ungrateful man. A dog never forgets a morsel, although you pelt him an hundred times with stones. But if you cherish a man wretch for an age, he will fight with you for a mere trifle."


Eating little is good 

By eating little a man may obtain the position higher than of an angle, but if you eat like a beast, you will be degraded to an inanimate fossil. Those whom you gratify, become obedient to your command; but lust, on the contrary, when indulged is rebellious.

Saadi said:

" Keep your belly unencumbered with food, in order that you may be able to distinguish the light of divine knowledge. You are void of wisdom, because you are crammed up to your nose with food."



Attar Nishapuri



   

                                                 Attar's Mausoleum in Nishapur, Iran

He was a son of a prosperous chemist, receiving an excellent education in various fields. He was a profession of pharmacy and personally attended to a very large number of customers. The people he helped  in the the pharmacy used to confide their troubles in Attar and this affected him deeply. He abandoned his pharmacy store and traveled widely to Kufa, Mecca, Damascus, and India, meeting with Sufis and returned promoting Sufi ideas.He did not say much about himself. He from Nishapur, and he was one of the greatest mystic, a poet and a master of narrative of the 15th Century. Nasir Ud-Din Tusi has mentioned about Attar's life.  He died at the age of 70 of a violent death in the massacre which the Mongols inflicted on Nishabur in April 1221. He was buried in Nishapur his mausoleum was built by Ali Shir Navai in 16th Century.

Interestingly, he did not want to uncover the secrets of nature. This is particularly remarkable in the case of medicine, which fell within the scope of his profession. He obviously had no motive for showing off his knowledge in the manner customary among court Panegyrists, whoes type of poetry he despised and never practiced. Such knowledge is only brought into his works in contexts where the theme of a story touches on a branch of natural science. His contemporary was Khaqani.

His works are as follows:
  • Divan
  • Asrar Nama
  • Maqamat-e Toyur, (Manteq at-Tayr
  • Mosibat-Nama
  • Elahi-Nama
  • Javaher-Nama
  • Sarh al-Qalb

 

Atter Seven Valleys of LOVE


  • The Valley of Quest.
  • The Valley of Love.
  • The Valley of understanding.
  • The Valley of Independence and Detachment.
  • The Valley of Unity.
  • The Valley of Astonishment and Bewilderment.
  • The Valley of Deprivation and Death.